Philodendron is a classic, and practically no-fail houseplant because it’s so easy to grow. Happily, this makes it a pretty common indoor plant to find at your local garden center. The philodendron family is a pretty big one, too — so you can find a variety of plants that grow in a range of shapes, sizes, and colors.
Many of the traditional philodendron varieties are vines perfect for growing on a totem, up a trellis, or in a hanging basket and some offer pleasing variegated foliage. These are counted as some of the most easy to grow houseplants of all time. Upright-growing philodendrons are just as easy, but typically have larger leaves.
Their characteristic features are their long aerial roots and the sometimes extremely big green leaves with gashes. It’s strictly speaking a creeping plant and that’s why you should provide a climbing help in the pot. We will show you how to care for your Philodendron in the following directions.
There are some cases in which the Philodendron is confused with the Monstera. The Monstera does resemble some of the kinds of Philodendron, but they are two different species. They both belong to the family of Aroid Family
The two main types of philodendron houseplants are vining and non-climbing varieties.
- Vining philodendrons need a post or other supporting structure to climb on. These include blushing philodendrons and heartleaf philodendrons.
- Non-climbing philodendrons, such as lacy tree philodendrons and bird’s nest philodendrons, have an upright, spreading growth habit. The width of non-climbers can be as much as twice their height, so give them plenty of elbow room.
Philodendron houseplants are often confused with pothos plants. While the leaves of these two plants are similar in shape, pothos plants are usually variegated with splotches of yellow or white color. Pothos is a much smaller plant as well and is often sold in hanging baskets
Health Benefits of Philodendrons:
Air Cleaning Qualities
This plant has other benefits besides just making your home look desirable. According to NASA studies on air quality, we know that that the parlor ivy can be instrumental in air purification, filtering out such toxins as formaldehyde, benzene, and carbon monoxide and adding oxygen to the air we breathe.
Items that you use every day such as carpeting and rug pads, insulation, laminated counters, veneer furniture, cleaning supplies, and air fresheners contain volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) which are synthetic materials that “off-gas” toxins that pollute your indoor air.The toxic air can cause a condition known as “Sick Building Syndrome” which can irritate your respiratory tract and cause headaches, sinus congestion, and fatigue.
You cannot avoid VOCs because they are found in such a wide variety of the products in our indoor environment; however, you can take steps to make your air healthier by having this plant in your home. Place two or three mature sweetheart vine plants in a 100 sq ft room to filter toxins from the air where you spend time.
Light: Moderate. Prefers indirect sunlight but will survive with less light.
Watering: water thoroughly, then allow the soil to drain and empty excess water; then allow the top one inch of soil to dry slightly to touch between waterings. A well-draining potting mixture should be used. This is necessary to prevent root rot which can kill your plant.
Humidity: Average is okay; however, higher humidity yields faster growth. A daily misting of water to the leaves will increase the humidity. Also, you can place plant on a humidity tray. A room humidifier will work even better.
Temperature: Average – Warm It grows well indoors with temperatures from 70 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
Fertilizer: All-purpose. Do not fertilize plants if kept in low light
Propagation: Can be multiplied by stem cuttings
Common Problems: Plant is largely pestfree, rarely mealybugs
Pruning the plant keeps the growth from getting spindly. Cut back the vines to the growing tips with the pruning shears as new growth emerges to promote length and fuller growth.
Remove any of the diseased, dead or damaged vines from the plant as they occur.